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Government Resources: 19th Amendment and Woman Suffrage
The University Libraries are part of the nationwide Federal Depository Library Program system. The collection also includes Ohio government documents.
In 2020, the United States is celebrating the 100th anniversary of the passage of the 19th Amendment which guaranteed and protected women's constitutional right to vote. To commemorate this anniversary the Special Collections and Archives gathered materials related to suffrage from its collections. This series contains letters, photographs, ephemeral materials, and speeches.
Written by leaders of the National Woman Suffrage Association, the Women's Rights Declaration, as it has come to be called, aimed to publicize the women's rights movement's sense of frustration one hundred years after the forrnal declaration ot American independence. Susan B. Anthony read the entire declaration to a large audience. The editors of the History of Woman Suffrage report was then hung in the "vice president's room in the capitol at Washington.
The Revolution was a newspaper established by women's rights activists Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton in New York City. It was published weekly between January 8, 1868 and February 17, 1872. With a combative style that matched its name, it primarily focused on women's rights, especially prohibiting discrimination against women voting, women's suffrage.
This document was submitted to Congress by Susan B. Anthony asking for remission of a fine imposed by the U.S. Court, nothern district, New York during her trial for illegal voting. The fine was for $100.
Minor v. Happersett, 88 U.S. (21 Wall.) 162 (1875), is a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court held that the Constitution did not grant anyone, and in this case specifically a female citizen of the state of Missouri, a right to vote even when a state law granted rights to vote to a certain class of citizens.
Susan B. Anthony did not remain silent after her trial. A year later, Anthony and others presented their arguments for women’s suffrage before the Judiciary Committee. They asked the Judiciary Committees to provide for an amendment to the Constitution protecting the rights of women citizens.
The campaign for women’s voting rights lasted more than seven decades. Considered the largest reform movement in United States history, its participants believed that securing the vote was essential to achieving women’s economic, social, and political equality.
In America’s most defining moments—times that shaped constitutional rights, yielded scientific breakthroughs, created the symbols of our nation—a diversity of women’s stories has not been widely told. The Smithsonian American Women’s History Initiative illuminates women’s pivotal roles in building and sustaining our country and will expand what we know of our shared history.
The mission of the 2020 Women’s Vote Centennial Initiative (WVCI) is to serve as a central organizing and information-sharing entity for programs, projects, and activities that commemorate the 100th anniversary of the 19th Amendment, educate the public on the legal and social advances resulting from the amendment, and stimulate dialogue to address the ongoing fight for women’s rights.
These images were selected to meet requests regularly received by the Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division. They include portraits of women who campaigned for women's rights, particularly voting rights, and suffrage campaign scenes, cartoons, and ephemera. An accompanying women's suffrage timeline features many of the images.
After casting her ballot in the 1872 Presidential election in her hometown of Rochester, New York, she was arrested, indicted, tried, and convicted for voting illegally. At her two-day trial in June 1873, which she later described as "the greatest judicial outrage history has ever recorded," she was convicted and sentenced to pay a fine of $100 and court costs.
Archival materials from one of the most successful political partnerships in history, the collaboration of suffragists Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton in the movement for women’s rights, have been digitized and are now available online for the first time from the Library of Congress.
The National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) Collection is a library of nearly 800 books and pamphlets documenting the suffrage campaign that were collected between 1890 and 1938 by members of NAWSA and donated to the Rare Books Division of the Library of Congress on November 1, 1938.
In 1843 Lucy Stone graduated from Oberlin College, which had been established ten years earlier as the first co-educational college. Stone became a lecturer for the American Anti-Slavery Society and an eloquent speaker on behalf of women’s rights.
This listing of African American Women Leaders in the American Woman Suffrage Movement is taken from the works of Dr. Rosalyn Terborg-Penn, former Professor of History and Coordinator of Graduate Programs in History at Morgan State University in Baltimore. She is the foremost authority on African-American women in the suffrage movement.