Media literacy is the ability to access, analyze, evaluate, create, and act on all type of media responsibly. Fact-checking is an important part of evaluating and analyzing information that comes through news and other media. "Fast news" and social media make it very easy to both send and receive information. From deliberate disinformation campaigns to viral misinformation, one of the most effective things you can do to prevent the spread of so-called "fake news" is to stop and evaluate information before sharing. Follow the steps in this guide using the tabs across the top for fact-checking strategies and guides to evaluate news.
"Fake news" is a widely-used term with no clear meaning. People use this term to mean anything from satire to misunderstandings and deliberate disinformation campaigns to information that is contrary to a person's previously-held beliefs. The term is not new: it was used in the New York Times at least as far back as 1894. Typically, when people use this term they're referring to one of three types of bad information:
The good news is that all of these types of bad information can be addressed using the strategies offered in this guide!
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