Media literacy is the ability to critically evaluate information that comes through news or other media. "Fast news" and social media make it very easy to both send and receive information. From deliberate disinformation campaigns to viral misinformation, one of the most effective things you can do to prevent the spread of so-called "fake news" is to stop and evaluate information before sharing. Follow the steps in this guide using the tabs across the top for fact-checking strategies and guides to evaluate news.
"Fake news" is a widely-used term that can range from satire to misunderstandings and deliberate disinformation campaigns to information that is unpleasant. The term is not new: it was used in the New York Times at least as far back as 1894. There are several types of "fake news," which can be grouped in three broad categories:
The good news is that all of these types of bad information can be addressed using the strategies offered in this guide!
For more detailed reading on this subject, try
For presentations from the University Libraries on the role of fake news in different settings, see