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EDS 6550: APA Format

A course guide for the Education class, section 6550.

Websites for APA (American Psychological Association) Format

APA Manual

The most recent edition of this book is available for a 2-hour loan at the Circulation Desk.

Citation Rough Draft

When searching in a database, you can find a generated citation for a resource.

  1. Click on the resource you want to use for your project or assignment.
  2. Click Cite in the right sidebar titled "Tools".
  3. Scroll down to the citation style you need.
  4. Double-check the information in the citation rough draft for errors.
  5. Copy and paste the rough draft citation.
  6. Edit errors before turning in the project or assignment.

In the below image, you can see a screenshot of the above-mentioned cite button. In the purple box is the cite button. In the red box is the citation style.

In the below image, you can see errors in the generated citation. The author's name is in all caps, the article title is improperly capitalized, and the DOI is not listed. Be aware of this when using generated citation tools.

Citation Management System

A citation management system can help you organize, manage, and annotate your references when working on projects or assignments. Below are some examples.

Note: There are free versions of the below-mentioned citation management systems.

Purple background with white sticky note. Orange quotation mark in the top left corner of the white sticky note

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Should I use APA Format?

If you are in a class or any of the following subjects are your major, you should probably use APA format:

  • Psychology
  • Counseling
  • Communication (varies depending on professor)
  • Education
  • Rehabilitation
  • Nursing
  • Social Work

What is a DOI?

DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier.  It is a persistent, unique number that identifies a piece of online or digital information, such as a journal article, a chapter in an online book, a data set, a map, and so on.  Students most often encounter DOIs when they're citing journal articles.  Keep in mind that not every journal article will have a DOI assigned to it!  Look for the DOI on the first page of the article, either at the top or bottom.  You need to include them in your citation as they are very helpful when trying to locate the article later.

If you don't see the DOI:

Visit CrossRef.ORG

Search for the article to find the article's DOI.