Each state establishes its own system, so there are many variations, but most state systems encompass the following:
|Type of court
|The Ohio Court System
|Court of last resort (usually called the supreme court)
|Deals with appeals from lower courts. Has discretion to decide which cases merit review.
|The Ohio Supreme Court.
|Intermediate appellate courts
|Deal with appeals concerning lower court decisions.
|In Ohio the Courts of Appeals are divided into 13 districts.
|Trials at which evidence is heard, often in both criminal and civil cases
Each county has a Court of Common Pleas (sometimes with specialized divisions by subject), which deals with criminal felony cases and civil cases over $500.
The Court of Claims has statewide jurisdiction over civil cases against the state of Ohio and claims for compensation for crime victims.