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Each state establishes its own system, so there are many variations, but most state system encompass the following:
|Type of court||Function||The Ohio Court System|
|Court of last resort (usually called the supreme court)||Deals with appeals from lower courts. Has discretion to decide which cases merit review.||The Ohio Supreme Court.|
|Intermediate appellate courts||Deal with appeals concerning lower court decisions.||In Ohio the Courts of Appeals are divided into 13 districts.|
|Trial courts||Trials at which evidence is heard, often in both criminal and civil cases||
Each county has a Court of Common Pleas (sometimes with specialized divisions by subject), which deals with criminal felony cases and civil cases over $500.
The Court of Claims has statewide jurisdiction over civil cases against the state of Ohio and claims for compensation for crime victims.