Apart from specialized courts, the federal court system comprises the following:
|The Supreme Court of the United States
|Most cases are appeals from lower courts. In addition to cases from lower federal courts, cases from state supreme courts which involve a point of federal law may be heard. The court has the discretion to decide which cases will be considered.
|U.S. Courts of Appeals (also called Circuit Courts of Appeals)
|Appellate courts which deal with appeals from the district courts in their circuit.
|U.S. District Courts
|Trial courts which deal with violations of federal criminal law, disputes regarding federal laws or treaties, and some cases between residents of different states.
Court Locator - Maps showing jurisdictions of the various federal courts
Finding a legal citation in HeinOnline - short guide for locating case law at both state and federal levels